Periodontal Disease

Periodontal Disease

Posted by SOUTH HILLSBORO FAMILY DENTISTRY on Feb 24 2021, 11:19 AM

Periodontal diseases, commonly known as gum diseases, are the most found dental diseases in the world. People across the borders find themselves suffering from these diseases- be it gingivitis, slight or advanced cases of gum diseases. 

Many people wish to educate themselves to avoid such diseases. After all, prevention is better than cure! Therefore, we have summarized periodontal diseases- definition, symptoms, and treatments all covered in one blog.

Keep reading!

Periodontal Diseases

The ongoing gum infection can be termed periodontal disease. Such diseases affect the gums, teeth, and other linked sections of our body, such as the neck, head, and jawbone. Persistent pain would make you feel irritated and distract you from your daily routine. 


  • Poor brushing habits.
  • Skipping of floss or complete negation of this step.
  • Over-deposition of plaque, turning to black- tartar.
  • Smoking- Due to the building up of bacteria in the mouth, plaque forms and decays the gum and teeth.
  • Diabetes- People with diabetes can often face gum issues.
  • Hormonal Changes- Sudden changes in hormones such as during puberty or pregnancy can lead to gum issues.

Stages of Periodontal Diseases

Just like other diseases, gum diseases have stages too. There are four stages of periodontal diseases. Before coming up with a treatment, one must know the stage of their diseases. Different stages require different methods of treatment. However, only one stage is reversible; others are severe and irreversible stages. 


It is the only stage where the bacteria has not yet attacked the jawbone, and hence at this stage, your teeth can be saved. At this stage, you can get treated, and the gums would heal in no time. Gingivitis occurs due to the development of plaque around the tooth surface. It has no major symptom, and hence self-examination of teeth and gums is the best we could recommend for avoiding such diseases. However, some of the symptoms could be:

  • Bad breath
  • Swelling around the gums
  • Bleeding gums
  • Redness around gums

All you can do to prevent gingivitis is to maintain a healthy oral routine and sign up for regular check-ups.

Slight Periodontal Disease

After reaching this stage, you cannot go back to your natural gums and teeth. However, it is still a manageable stage. The symptoms would be a little more severe than gingivitis. In this stage, the bacteria starts to decay the bone, and hence immediate cleaning of the bacteria has to be done to avoid complete damage to the jawbone. 

Moderate Periodontal Disease

At this stage, the bacteria reaches even deeper and starts affecting the jawbone and the whole immune system. The symptoms would be quite similar to stage one. However, cleaning, scaling, and root planing would be recommended to the patient at this stage. If left untreated at this stage, it would propagate and lead to tooth loss and gum sensitivity, persistent gum bleeding, and shaky teeth. 

Advanced Periodontal Disease

At this stage, the jawbone is under complete attack and cannot be recovered. In addition to the previous symptoms, the gums might at this stage start oozing out pus leading to pain and severe halitosis. The only option at this stage left with the patient is getting periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy. 

The more delayed the process would be, the more painful it would be for the patient. Besides, the later the stage, the more expensive the treatment would be. Therefore, treating periodontal diseases on time is crucial to dental health. Avoid smoking and other activities that would incite bacteria formation. 

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